The Christians offended Rome by praying to God, not to Caesar. Now, humanism is offended if we do not invoke the people, and instead, invoke God. Today, they are priests representing the people, and they resent our invoking God. The doctrine of intercession is thus an important one in political theory. For whom are we intercessors? For the people or for God? Whom do we invoke when we speak of authority, of righteousness, and of the mandate for action?