Marsilius emphasized the spiritual role of the church. This has a very appealing ring, and it did in his day, and he said the church is getting too worldly, too much involved in politics and other things, and the church needs to confine itself to spiritual matters, and so Marsilius isolated the church and the Christian faith from any relevance to the material world, from any relevance to politics, to economics, to the arts and the sciences, and confined it to the soul of man. As a result, the only future left for Christianity then was pietism, spiritual devotions, no relevance to the problems of everyday life. Marsilius was the great father of this kind of thinking, and he was, although not openly, very much anti-Christian as well as anti-church. Thus, what Marsilius did was to deny the sovereignty of Jesus Christ over the world.
- R. J. Rushdoony
Rev. R.J. Rushdoony (1916–2001), was a leading theologian, church/state expert, and author of numerous works on the application of Biblical law to society. He started the Chalcedon Foundation in 1965. His Institutes of Biblical Law (1973) began the contemporary theonomy movement which posits the validity of Biblical law as God’s standard of obedience for all. He therefore saw God’s law as the basis of the modern Christian response to the cultural decline, one he attributed to the church’s false view of God’s law being opposed to His grace. This broad Christian response he described as “Christian Reconstruction.” He is credited with igniting the modern Christian school and homeschooling movements in the mid to late 20th century. He also traveled extensively lecturing and serving as an expert witness in numerous court cases regarding religious liberty. Many ministry and educational efforts that continue today, took their philosophical and Biblical roots from his lectures and books.
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